In this post, we will determine the oxidation numbers in the permanganate ion, MnO4.

To determine the oxidation number of an atom(s) in a molecule or an ion, start with the known oxidation numbers and the rules summarized below:



Keep in mind that the summary is zero for neutral molecules and is equal to the charge for ions.

For MnO4the element with a standard oxidation state is oxygen which is -2, and we need to determine the oxidation state of the manganese. 

Let’s confirm this by setting up an equation. Rule 8 – The oxidation of oxygen is –2:

Assign x for the oxidation state of Mn and set up an equation:

x + 4(-2) = -1,  x = +7


Further Reading


More examples of the oxidation state in this multiple-choice quiz:


Oxidation State and Redox Reactions Quiz


Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Quiz

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